terça-feira, julho 20, 2004
O caminho do Zimbabwe até ao totalitarismo no allAfrica.com.
WHEN Zimbabwe gained its independence from Britain it had as its head of government, the former guerilla leader, Robert Mugabe, an avowed Marxist-Leninist. From the word go, he set about creating a Leninist, totalitarian, one-party State under his party, the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU).
The World Book Encyclopedia describes totalitarianism as "a form of government in which the State controls all phases of people's lives".
Totalitarianism allows only one party, headed by an absolute leader. He maintains his power over the party and the rest of the people by force and violence. Freedom of religion does not exist. The State permits only those churches and ministries that co-operate with it.
The labour unions are outlawed. The ruling party dictates the country's economic policy. The government strictly controls all means of communication. It usually abolishes private schools and forces public schools to teach the party line, or ideas and policies approved by the party.
Communist Russia established the first totalitarian State in 1917. Other modern totalitarian States included Nazi Germany, from 1933 to 1945 and fascist Italy, from 1925 to 1943.
In order to establish a totalitarian regime in Zimbabwe, President Mugabe is faithfully following in the footsteps of Vladimir Lenin. This is despite the common saying that those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat its mistakes.
posted by Miguel Noronha 5:37 da tarde
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