sexta-feira, janeiro 21, 2005
Free Trade Promotes Chinese Liberalism
Artigo de Ted Galen Carpenter e James A. Dorn em Maio, 2000.
Beijing's biggest dilemma is how to allow its productive non-state sector to grow while at the same time preventing an erosion of the party's power as market participants demand greater civil liberties and a more meaningful political voice. The domestic tension created by opening China's economy to the outside world while meaningful political change is suppressed has to be released sooner or later.
Gradualism appears to have worked reasonably well thus far, but the inefficiency of China's state-owned sector is apparent and corruption is rampant. Wholesale privatization would help solve the problems of inefficiency and corruption, but would undermine the last vestiges of party power. So the challenge for China's leadership is stark.
Cutting off - or even limiting - trade with China in the hope of improving human rights would be self-defeating. Isolating China would strengthen the party and the state while harming the nascent market sector and reducing economic freedom.
posted by Miguel Noronha 3:53 da tarde
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