O Intermitente<br> (So long, farewell, auf weidersehen, good-bye)

O Intermitente
(So long, farewell, auf weidersehen, good-bye)

sexta-feira, agosto 22, 2003


“I make no apology for pointing out obstacles in the way of a goal in whose value I profoundly believe. I am convinced that these difficulties are genuine and that, if we don’t admit them from the beginning, they may at a later date form the rock on which all the hopes for international organization may founder. The sooner we recognize these difficulties, the sooner we can hope to overcome them. If, as it appears to me, ideals shared by many can be realized only by means which a few at present favour, neither economic impartiality nor considerations of expediency should prevent one from saying what one recognizes to be the right means for the given end”

“The central government in a federation composed of many different people will have to be limited in scope if it is to avoid meeting an increasing resistance on the part of the various groups which it includes.”

“a liberal economic regime is a necessary condition for the success of any interstate federation; it may be added, in conclusion, that the converse is no less true: the abrogation of national sovereignties and the creation of an effective international order of law is a logical consummation of the liberal program”.

Friedrich A. Hayek, 1939

“Who imagines that there exists any common ideals such as will make the Norwegian fisherman consent to forego the prospect of economic improvement in order to help is Portuguese fellow?”

Friedrich A. Hayek, 1944

Em Setembro de 1939, enquanto a Wermacht invadia a Polónia dando início à 2ª Guerra Mundial, Hayek publica “The economic conditions of interstate federalism” [1], no qual defendia o Federalismo interestadual como forma de assegurar a paz entre as nações.

Cinco anos mais tarde, em 1944, Hayek dedica todo o último capítulo do seu The Road to Serfdom às relações internacionais [2]. No contexto da sua crítica ao planeamento nacional e internacional, Hayek defende novamente a formação de uma federação entre Estados – Hayek designa-a agora por ‘Federal Union’ - como instrumento da promoção da paz.

Este Federalismo Inter-estadual, esta União Federal, é um remédio liberal para os males do Estado Moderno e para as suas consequências ao nível das relações internacionais.

É esta tese que de seguida se procura desenvolver.
posted by Joao 4:33 da tarde

Powered by Blogger


"A society that does not recognize that each individual has values of his own which he is entitled to follow can have no respect for the dignity of the individual and cannot really know freedom."

mail: migueln@gmail.com