sábado, agosto 23, 2003
JULIAN SIMON E OS LEILÕES
Julian Simon foi um dos maiores economistas do Séc. XX. Os seus contributos para a economia da população, da imigração e dos recursos naturais são únicos. Hayek endereçou o seguinte cumprimento a Julian Simon:"I have never written a fan letter to a professional colleague, but to discover that you have in your Economics of Population Growth provided the empirical evidencefor what is the result of a life-time of theoretical speculation, is too exciting an experience not to share with you..."E ainda:"I have now at last had time to read [The Ultimate Resource] with enthusiastic agreement..."
Um artigo recente na Techcentralstation, relembra um outro contributo "menor" de Julian Simon: a resolução do problema do "overbooking" através da teoria dos leilões:"Julian was the developer of one of the best known auctions there is, even if most people don't realize it. The auction Julian designed is used to get excess passengers off overbooked airlines. As an economist, he developed an interest in this when he found out that stewardesses were putting elderly people off overbooked planes, on the assumption that they would complain less than younger ones. He had some memos from airline executives stating this policy.
He realized that some type of financial compensation to booted passengers was necessary, but how to arrange it? He came up with what I later called the reverse Dutch auction, although he never used the term.
...anyone who has ever flown has seen it in action. The announcement of overbooking is made, and the attendants offer a free ticket to those who depart. Usually, enough people rush forward that the overbooking is relieved within a minute. The attendants have the ability to offer free tickets, hundreds of dollars and other incentives if they can't get enough people to deplane. So the process is truly an auction, and works highly efficiently."
posted by Joao 2:17 da tarde
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