sábado, abril 03, 2004
"Origins of International Terrorism in the Middle East de Herbert Kitschelt.
This paper argues that Islamist international terrorism is associated with polities and regions of the world where economic globalization has not taken place because public institutions do not support the development of viable capitalist markets. The design of the explanatory account follows a simple scheme derived from theories of rebellious mobilization, social movements, and revolutions (for example, Della Porta and Diani 1999; Parsa 2000). For such political mobilization to take place, intense, widely experienced human suffering and deprivation must exist. For such suffering to motivate mobilization, political ideologues must articulate interests and a broad cultural interpretation that explains to potential activists how deprivations have come about and how to overcome them.
These interpretations can be disseminated to target constituencies only if political opportunities are conducive for political entrepreneurs to overcome collective action problems and build insurrectional organizations. What this involves is a strategic interaction between forces protecting the status quo and those challenging it. In the case of contemporary Islamist movements, this process has led to a splintering of different challenging groups and an isolation of radicals who have resorted to a sectarian terrorist strategy. The observable dynamic in the Middle East may not be unique, although at present other places on earth where conditions might fuel an effective international terrorist mobilization are not discernible.
posted by Miguel Noronha 12:52 da tarde
Comments: Enviar um comentário